Historical Background
Historical Background
 
Kayseri has a rich and colorful historical background dating to 2000 B.C. Kayseri was home to one of the oldest trade fairs in the world and have always been a trade center. The earliest settlement around Kayseri is The Karum of Kanesh, trade centers between the Assyrians and Hittites, situated 20 km to the North-east of the city.
It had became a center of the Cappadocia region during the time of the Romans. The city was christened Caesar in Cappadocia in honor of Caesar Augustus, and translated to Kayseri when it was conquered by the Seljuks. At the end of the eleventh century, the Anatolian Seljuks claimed Kayseri as their own. It became their second Anatolian capital city and a major cultural and scientific center for nearby Konya. During those years the administration of their educational system was conducted through thirty-two madrasas (universities).
The first Turkish-Islamic campus in Anatolia was the Hunat Hatun Complex, still located in the center of the city and dedicated to an influential woman of the time in 1276, named Hunat Hatun. The complex includes a mosque, the madrasa which also contains Hunat Hatun's tomb, a hamam (bath house and spa), and a soup kitchen. The tomb of Seyyid Burhaneddin (b. 1165, Tirmiz - d. 1244, Kayseri) (a great Islamic scholar and philosopher who had a big effort for the training of Mevlânâ Celâleddîn Rûmî) is also found in Kayseri.
Kayseri holds many Ottoman and Seljuk works of art, in addition to a great number of relics and ruins from the prehistoric periods of the Hittites, Assyrians, Greeks, and Romans. In the period of the Anatolian Seljuks, a large number of architectural works of art such as mosques, madrasas, monumental tombs, which were constructed. These historical buildings survived through ancient times up to the present. The historical covered-bazaar and the 1500's Silk Road Caravanseray, both located inside the Castle walls, are the inspiration for today's big malls and rank third in size in the country.
Please visit this link http://www.kayseri.bel.tr/web2/index.php?page=history-of-kayseri-the-prehistoric-period for more information about the history.